The Medical Centre has set up state-of-the-art equipment for Computerized Bone Mineralometry (CBM) which complements health prevention services, particularly relevant to the elderly. Computerized Bone Mineralometry (CBM) is an exam measuring bone mineral density. The current method used to perform a bone density scan is the CBM DEXA that requires the use of an X-ray device.
The dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) emits Two X-ray beams of with different energy levels. With such a system, it is possible to measure the absorption of each beam in each bone and therefore the bone mineral density. Such a scan is generally used to diagnose and evaluate the development of osteoporosis (a disease characterized by a progressive process of demineralization of the skeletal system, responsible for bone fragility and a consequent increased risk of fractures).
Women of over 65 years old are highly advised to undergo the Computerized Bone Mineralometry. There is no agreed consensus for when men should undergo the exam. Some scholars recommend the exam after the age of 70.
In addition, there are some risk factors such as previous fragility-related fractures, the use of glucocorticoids, tobacco smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, rheumatoid arthritis, family history of hip fractures, chronic kidney and liver diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, long-term consumption of drugs, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease.
As already mentioned, CBM uses X-rays to measure bone mineral density. The risk of radiation for the patient is truly minimal as our cutting-edge equipment deliver a minimum dosage of ionized radiation.
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